Your animals are not very complex when you understand them well. Here are some basic hints concerning dog and cat food. Cats are demanding by nature. Therefore, they need the best at mealtime.
Dogs are known to be carnivores with omnivore tendencies. Their digestive system is not intended to digest or ferment fibrous products (plants). The best choice to make when it comes to feeding a carnivore is to maximize the use of fresh meats and cereals that are easily digested (brown rice, barley, oatmeal)
Cats are recognized as true carnivores. With domestication, they have adapted to foods containing cereals. Because the cat has a short intestine and high animal protein needs, we favor the maximal use of highly digestible proteins with a limited addition of grains. The best way to feed a domestic cat is to privilege the use of fresh meats in combination with varied sources of starch, vitamins and minerals. Slow and humid baking of ingredients ensure better digestion and allows a better and longer life for cats.
This is an indicator of protein retention in the body after ingestion. It is the useful part of protein used for the transformation of animal tissues.
Here are some typical biological values of some of the ingredients contained in Oven-Baked TraditionTM:
Proteins are composed of amino acids. So that its internal metabolism and functions are maintained dogs need 22 amino acids from proteins. Twelve of those can be synthesized by the body, while the 10 others need to be supplied in the diet and they must be introduced into the animal’s diet so they can be used for metabolic functions. The 10 essential amino acids are: arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophane and valine.
So it’s metabolism is balanced and functional, cats need 23 amino acids. Their body can produce 12 of them. The other 11 are essential amino acids. They must be introduced into the animal’s diet so they can be used for metabolic functions. A better combination of ingredients: fresh meat/fish/cereals allow us to meet all the needs, in quality and quantity of essential amino acids. The cat can synthesize taurine but in insufficient quantity so it needs to be added to their food.
They are composed of fatty acids (like Omega 3 & 6). They are a source of condensed energy. They are a vehicle for liposoluble vitamins ( A,D,E,K). “Essential” fatty acids must be integrated to the animal’s diet.
Fibers are a component (complex sugars) of non-digestible plants that help the movement of food and stool in the intestines. There are two types of fibers (soluble and insoluble). Soluble fibers are jellified and subject to beneficial fermentation in the large intestine. Insoluble fibers attract water and create volume which is important for the transit and shaping of the stool.
Metabolic processes generate free radicals (oxygen). These free radicals, left without bonding agents, attack living cells and can initiate a variety of health problems. A natural system exist to get rid of free radicals (for example acerbic acid and vitamin E). However this system may be deficient which is why it is important to add it in the food (natural source). Adding antioxidants can help slow the deterioration of fats and therefore the shelf life if the product is extended naturally.
Carbs are an energy source of choice for animals. They can be found in plants such as starch. Slow and humid baking transforms the starch into energy that is easy to digest (gelatinized starch). If the energy is not required the gelatinized starch is stored in the liver and muscle as glycogen for later use. The use of carbohydrates as an energy source saves protein reserves (which is also an energy source).